1603 Ortelius Maris Pacifici The Iconic Map of the Pacific Ocean, Fine Example

July 7th 2017 -

1603 Ortelius Maris Pacifici The Iconic Map of the Pacific Ocean, Fine Example

49.5 cm x 34.5 cm copperplate engraving, 56 cm x 44 cm sheet size, modern hand colour, Antwerp, engraved 1589, printed 1603. Typically cited as the most celebrated and sought-after of all Ortelius maps, this was the first printed map devoted to the Pacific Ocean and one of the most influential surveys of cartographic history. Ortelius based the map in part on Mercator’s 1569 world map but also consulted as primary sources some 25 maps of Portuguese and Spanish explorers as well as their written accounts in compiling this groundbreaking survey. The map presents the Pacific as a much smaller ocean than its true size but at the time this was the least known part of the world and Ortelius presciently recognised its increasing importance for colonial trade in a time where most merchants wished to avoid the South African route to Asia and the threat of Portuguese interference. The influence of the map in reshaping European perception of the world can scarcely be overstated. A truly iconic map, this example is exceptionally well-preserved and exhibits hand colour work of the very highest order; it will make a cornerstone addition to any collection and a splendid presentation if matted and framed. The title cartouche rests on North America and announces a new description of the Pacific Ocean, commonly called the South Sea, with the surrounding regions and far flung islands. Note peninsular as opposed to insular California, reasonably accurate mapping of Gulf of Mexico, Florida and the east coast at least to what is now Maine. Thus I merit the name of Victory, with sails, winds, prize and glory I fought the sea. A flamboyantly decorative secondary cartouche dated 1589 features a dedication to Antwerp official Nicolaus Roccox. Who like Ortelius was a devoted numismatist and to whom the “Ichtyophagia” of Ludovicus Nonnius. (Luis Nunez) was also dedicated. This cartouche is placed on the enormous southern continent that covers the entire bottom of the map marked as “Terra Australis Sive Magellanica, Nondum Detecta”, the latter part of which was something of a qualification that it was a bit of speculative cartography. Some scholars have postulated that a very similar map. Also engraved in 1589 by Frans Hogenberg for publication in the “Relation oder Beschreibung der Rheiss und Schiffahrt aus Engellandt” account of Sir Francis Drake’s exploits written by one of his officers Walter Bigges was in fact a principal source for Ortelius – we believe this to be in error. Hogenberg simply was not a cartographer – Georg Braun wrote in his preface to the great Civitates that Hogenberg worked as an engraver and only issued preliminary drawings in exceptional cases, let alone compiling maps. We rest our case in a letter to Heinrich Rantzau in 1585 where Georg Braun wrote specifically of Hogenberg est sculptor, non inventor. A handsome (and meticulously engraved) galleon sails towards the essentially unrecognisable North American coast, while the interior is marked with the region of Quivira. ” described by Coronado and now thought to be somewhere near Kansas and the “Quivirans to be Wichita Indians. Cape Mendocino is shown, named after the first viceroy of New Spain Antonio de Mendoza. The Rio Grande is named but it is not the first time it appeared on a printed map as is commonly cited although the map is also believed to be the first to separately name North and South America. The geometry of the North American coast in this region suggests influence of Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation – Ortelius corresponded with Mercator about Drake’s descriptions although he does not employ Drake’s name of “New Albion” on the map. The source of a number of the placenames here however remains a mystery. While the South American coastline is well mapped with numerous settlements, the interior is largely unknown. Note reference to “a citadel built here by Philip II in 1582″ – presumably a reference to Salta. In what is now Argentina. Curiously, Ortelius shows Tierra del Fuego as part of the great southern continent. Notation makes references to the efforts of Jesuits to convert Chinese and Japanese to Christianity – note pictorial depiction of Great Wall. The large “Island of Silver” to the north of the oddly shaped Japan is believed to originated from a Chinese pilot in the employ of the Spanish captain Francisco Gali who told Gali in 1584 of a land to the north rich in precious metals. Subsequent expeditions of course found no such “Isla de Plata” – the irregular shape of Japan is believed to have been derived from a manuscript map by Fernão Vaz Dourado. New Guinea, previously shown in other Ortelius maps as possibly connecting to a large southern continent, is now shown as a distinct island albeit in somewhat irregular form. Ortelius identifies it as the “Piccinacoli” described by the Portuguese merchant explorer employed by the Medici in a letter published by Ramusio in 1550. Somewhat confused presentation of the Philippines. For meditating a voyage to the Molucca Islands whereunto the Portuguese usually sailed from west to east and intending to make thus a shorter cut from east to west he came at length to them across this sea, only to be slain on one of the islands called Machian in a skirmish.. For departing from Spain by the Strait of Magellan to the Moluccas then having doubled the Cape of Good Hope and returning whence she put forth became the first of all ships and of all ages that ever circumpassed the whole earth. Thither she made a third voyage but in her returne she was quite lost; it was never known what became of her. Antiquity would have thought she had been taken up into the skies and placed among the Constellations like another Argo.. In the bottom of this sea Francisco de Ulloa. Do report that there grows a weed of 14 or 15 fathoms high within the water, and that it riseth out of the water to a height of some 4 or 5 fathoms so that sometimes you shall seem not to sail through a sea, but rather through a green meadow.. The first discovery [of America] is by all our current writers is not unworthily ascribed to Christopher Columbus. For in the year 1492 he was the first man who laid it open and made it known and communicated the use and benefit thereof to the Christian world. Although I find that the north part of America which lies closer to Europe and to some of our European islands such as Greenland, Iceland and Frisland. Was long before discovered by certain Frislandish fishers, driven by tempests upon that coast. And afterward about the year 1390 it was revisited anew by Antonio Zeno. A gentleman of Venice and that by the authority of Zichmni. The King of the said isle of Frisland. A Prince in those times very valiant, and over all that sea most renowned for his wars and victories.. Towards the south there are countries rich in gold and resplendent with inhabitants. There are also many great woods out of which they have raw material for building their ships, fortresses and cities of which there are great numbers. Of the lodestone’s use in navigation they are wholly ignorant. The inhabitants say that the region known as Drogoo further south is inhabited by cannibals who delight in eating men’s flesh; which if they are lacking they sustain themselves with fishing. Beyond this there is another large country and new world where the inhabitants are barbarous and go naked, although against the cold of winter they arm themselves with the skins of beasts. They have no metal and live by hunting. For weapons they use long and sharp pointed staves and bows, and they make war upon each other. They have governors and laws to which they are obedient. Further south they live in a more temperate climate, having cities and idol temples wherein they sacrifice living men whose flesh they then devour.. The Isles of Solomon which in this table you see described about New Guinea were not long since discovered by Alvaro de Mendana. After he had conducted his fleet out of the port of Lima in Peru and had sailed over this huge ocean.. Condition – Please note carefully: The map, well over four centuries old, is in overall excellent condition as can be ascertained from photos, other than one tiny spot in Gulf of Mexico the image area is essentially pristine, a strong impression with a distinct platemark on fine laid paper with watermark. Remnant of original binding strip is present on verso with its outline faintly visible on recto parallel to the as-issued centrefold. A small area of some very faint trivial browning in the Pacific northwest, a little trivial scattered soiling to margin extremities. In all an exceptionally well-preserved example of the first state of an iconic map with simply superb hand colour work that will make an elegant presentation if matted and framed. Welcome and we encourage you to visit our other listings. Such charges are typically collected by the courier, e. Personal cheques will not be accepted. In response to frequent inquiries, please be advised that the terms. An image printed on a sheet of paper, and that all such items are unconditionally guaranteed to be original and authentic – we never offer reproductions. Please see our glossary. We conduct our business in accordance with the Code of Ethics. Some to beautify their halls, parlours and chambers… Maps begin as dreams, pass through a finite life in the world, and resume as dreams again.. Maps and Atlases Globes and Planetaria Historic Town Views and Plans Engravings, Woodcuts and Lithographs Books and Ephemera Scientific Instruments Curiosities and Oddities. The item “1603 Ortelius Maris Pacifici The Iconic Map of the Pacific Ocean, Fine Example” is in sale since Saturday, July 18, 2015. This item is in the category “Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\World Maps”. The seller is “regiomontanus” and is located in Indianapolis, Indiana. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Condition: Used
  • Type: Map

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